Possibilities for Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Reforms in India

Advancements in Science and Technology (S&T) play a critical role in transitioning into a knowledge-driven economy. Therefore, countries worldwide are continuously (re)shaping their public policies to better leverage the benefits of scientific knowledge towards achieving socio-economic development priorities. Notably, due to rapidly evolving knowledge frontiers, emerging technologies, and technology-led innovations, it becomes critical to develop dynamic policy interventions.

An Analysis of Research Productivity Metrics and Usage Guidelines

Research productivity refers to the efficacy of research processes with respect to the quantity and quality of its contributions. In the process of building our three-part series on ‘assessing scientific research and innovation’, we learned that research productivity assessments are a tool used for many processes in the STI (Science, Technology, and Innovation) ecosystem. These processes include research funding allocation, and evaluating the efficacy of scientific R&I (Research & Innovation) in academic institutions.

Study of frameworks and parameters for evaluating institutional research

Innovation can broadly be understood as a process of technological advancement, typically accompanied with economic, social, and cultural changes that denote improvement in a particular sphere of existence. The process of innovation is closely aligned with academic research and knowledge production across different disciplines, with scientific and technological innovation constituting a big part of this process. Innovation is also often viewed as a driver of economic growth, and is thus given priority status within market economies.

Rethinking Research Funding for India’s Higher Education Institutions

India has a complex university-research funding ecosystem with multifarious stakeholders. This policy brief supplements our recently published research report on government research funding in STEM higher education institutions (HEIs). As the country continues to work towards its ambition to increase its percentage of gross expenditure on Research and Development (R&D), the introduction of a national research foundation (NRF) could mark a shift in how it positions itself on the global R&D stage.

Research Funding for STEM Higher Education Institutions: An Analysis of India vs International Models

As a measure of critical rigour, quality education and overall capacity, the research in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) plays a vital role in a country’s R&D ecosystem. For several decades now, the Indian government has been aiming to increase India’s R&D expenditure to 2% of the GDP and a part of this investment includes the expenditure on the R&D performed at the HEIs. The upcoming National Research Foundation (NRF) also highlights the intent of the government to enhance funding for research and facilitate capacity-building for R&D across the country.

Assessing Scientific Research & Innovation: The South Asian Case

As one of the world’s fastest-growing economies, India is often considered the country that leads scientific research and innovation (‘R&I’) in the South Asia region. However, it still faces significant challenges in areas like investment in scientific research, systems for allocating research funding, and quantity and quality of research output. Despite varying levels of economic development, the other countries in the region (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka) fare worse on most of these parameters.

Insights from PRISM: Policy Dialogue on Open Access in South Asia

On 26th March 2022, Centre for Civil Society hosted a panel discussion on ‘Open Access in South Asia’ as part of the PRISM - the science & technology policy dialogue series. The speakers included Ms. Anubha Sinha (Senior Researcher at Centre for Internet and Society), Dr. Haseeb Irfanullah (Independent Consultant in Environment, Climate Change & Research System, based in Bangladesh) and Prof. Devika Madalli (Chair, Working Group, Open Access India; Professor, Documentation Research and Training Centre, Indian Statistical Institute, Bangalore).

Ease of Operating Budget Private Schools in India
By Prashant Narang and Tarini Sudhakar In a background paper submitted for UNESCO’s Global Education Monitoring Report 2022, we explore the interface between the state and budget private schools with a focus on licensure, hiring of teachers, inspections, admissions, and grievance redressal.
Assessing State School Education Laws on Administrative Safeguards
The quality of all laws governing K-12 education across sixteen states
National Education Policy Compliance Profile: Jharkhand
Structure of education administration, quality of laws, learning progress of students, and regulatory pain-points for private schools in Jharkhand
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